Latest PGT-A / PGS data published in Singapore Medical Journal showed no significant improvement in IVF success rates

Angelica Cheng

Active Member

Analysis of a preimplantation genetic test for aneuploidies in 893 screened blastocysts using KaryoLite BoBs: a single-centre experience

Abstract

Introduction: Does euploidy of trophectoderm (TE) biopsies correlate with conventional blastocyst morphological, maternal age and implantation potential?
Methods: This is a one-centre, retrospective, observational study.
Results: Eight hundred and ninety-three blastocysts were biopsied; 57.73% were euploid. The euploidy rate was found to be significantly higher for the embryos with good morphology of inner cell mass (ICM) and TE. Between ICM and TE morphology variables, TE was more predictive of the euploidy rate. When broken down into different age groups, the percentage of good morphology embryos remained similar across all age groups, while the percentage of euploid embryos dropped with increasing age. These results suggest that the correlation between blastocyst morphology and ploidy status was present but poor. Faster growing day 5 blastocysts showed a significantly higher euploidy rate than slower growing day 6 or 7 blastocysts. The number of good-quality blastocysts per cycle, euploid blastocysts per cycle and the euploidy rate were strongly associated with maternal age. A trend towards an increased implantation rate was found with euploid embryo transfers compared to the control group without preimplantation genetic test for aneuploidies (PGT-A).
Conclusions: Blastocyst morphology, rate of development and maternal age were found to be significantly associated with euploidy rate. There is a trend that suggests PGT-A may help to improve the pregnancy rate, but it is not statistically different, and therefore, PGT-A remains an unproven hypothesis. Due to the limitation of a small size of the control group, further studies with more data are needed.
 

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